Bipolar disorder, also called "manic-depressive" disease, is a mental illness that causes people to have high and low moods. People with this illness have periods of feeling overly happy and joyful or irritable or of feeling very sad or feeling normal. The hallmark of bipolar illness is the occurrence of the manic episode.
Proper treatment helps most people living with bipolar disorder control their mood swings and other symptoms. Because bipolar disorder is a chronic illness, treatment must be ongoing. Treating bipolar disorder may include medication, psychotherapy, education, self-management strategies and external supports such as family, friends and support groups.
Add To Favorites. This topic discusses bipolar disorder in adults. If you are concerned that your child or teen may have bipolar disorder, see the topic Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens.
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Please enter your location to help us display the correct information for your area. While some individuals experience only the manic episodes, many affected individuals rapidly alternate between these two states and experience great irritability. As with other psychiatric disorders, studies suggest that bipolar disorder may be relatively common among children and adults with autism.
A mood disorder can affect a person's everyday emotional state and interfere with relationships or activities at work or school. Depression and bipolar disorder are examples of mood disorders. Depression is a serious medical illness that affects more than 20 million Americans.
The existence of a mood disorder in adults involving severe mood swings from states of deep depression to states of elation has been recognized now for over a century. Until recently, however, youth were rarely diagnosed with this disorder. There is little disagreement about whether it exists.
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If you need immediate assistance, call or go to the nearest hospital emergency room. First Name Email What is your question? Who is Affected by Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder manic-depressive illness is a serious but treatable medical illness that occurs in all age groups but is most often diagnosed in the late teens to the early adult years. It is a disorder of the brain marked by changes in mood, energy and behavior that are much more extreme than the normal ups and downs that most people experience. Symptoms may be present since infancy or early childhood, or may suddenly emerge in adolescence or adulthood. Until recently, a diagnosis of the disorder was rarely made in childhood.